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Understanding Angioplasty

The Cath Lab

Medically it is called as Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA)
  • It is simple non-operative way of opening blocks
  • It is a mechanical solution to a biological problem
  • Its biggest advantage is that it is less invasive (surgical)
  • Patient does not need anaesthesia and most of the patients can go home on the third day



Coronary Angioplasty
 
  • Performed on OPD basis
  • Patient Exercises on a Treadmill under supervision of a physician and his/her ECG is monitored continuously, In addition blood Pressure and Symptoms are also monitored
  • ECG changes detected during stress test can clinch the diagnosis of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD).

Stent
It is a metallic spring (like ball pen spring)
  • It is a metal scaffolding
  • Used to open blocked artery after Angioplasty
  • Reduces the chances of re-blockage
  • A new type of stent coated with a drug can reduce the re-blockage to 8-9 % as compared to metal stents. They are known as Drug Eluting Stents (DES)
  • Angioplasty can also be done in new blocks appearing in bypassed arteries (Graft Angioplasty)
 
 
Stent Angiography
 
 
 
Treatment of CAD   Risk Factors